Automated Synthesis of Quantum Circuits using Symbolic Abstractions and Decision Procedures


Quantum algorithms are notoriously hard to design and require significant human ingenuity and insight. We present a new methodology called Quantum Automated Synthesizer (QUASH) that can automatically synthesize quantum circuits using decision procedures that perform symbolic reasoning for combinatorial search. Our automated synthesis approach constructs finite symbolic abstract models of the quantum gates automatically and discovers a quantum circuit as a composition of quantum gates using these symbolic models. Our key insight is that most current quantum algorithms work on a finite number of classical inputs, and hence, their correctness proof relies only on reasoning about a finite set of quantum states that can be represented using finite symbolic systems. We demonstrate the potential of our approach by automatically synthesizing four quantum circuits and re-discovering the Bernstein-Vazirani quantum algorithm using state-of-the-art decision procedures. Our synthesis approach only requires distinguishing between a finite set of symbolic quantum states; for example, the synthesis of the Bernstein-Vazirani quantum algorithm only requires reasoning about the following qubit states- |0, |1, -i|0, i|1, |+, |-, e 1/2 |1i, e iπ/4 |1 and a remaining symbolic state representing all other possible quantum states. Our approach leverages decision procedures and theorem provers to assist in the discovery of new quantum algorithms and is a step towards the automation of quantum algorithm design.

In 54th IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (ISCAS), 2021
Susmit Jha
Susmit Jha
Technical Director, NuSCI

My research interests include artificial intelligence, formal methods, machine learning and dynamical systems.